03 Policy recommendations/guidelines

The European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning (EQF) provided a common reference framework which assisted in comparing the national qualifications systems, frameworks and their levels. It served as a translation device to make qualifications more readable and understandable across different countries and systems in Europe, and thus promote lifelong and life-wide learning, and the mobility of European citizens whether for studying or working abroad. In order to make the EQF work, European countries participating in “Education and Training 2020” were invited to relate their national qualifications levels to the appropriate levels of the EQF and to indicate the relevant EQF level in all new qualification certificates, diplomas and Europass documents.

A few years ago the Tuning project under the EGF HUMART label elaborated the Sectoral Qualifications Frame for the Sector of Humanities and Art.  The HUMART project was a break through initiative that identified common denominators in the academic sectors/domains of Humanities and the Arts. The project is implemented in the context of the Bologna Process, the creation of one European Qualifications Framework and the subject area reference points developed by Tuning.

In the framework of the HUMART the Sectoral Qualifications Framework for the Creative & Performing Disciplines was proposed.  It was a bold attempt to produce a common set of statements about expected achievement levels for students in any and all of the disciplines represented: the visual arts, the performing arts, music and architecture. As well as seeking to define what these disciplines have in common, the framework was intended to bring into focus what sets them apart from other disciplines and gives them their distinctive character as a sectoral grouping.

Having as basis this experience and outcomes, archi-med.es project adapted the formulated general framework for Architectural Education to the local particularities of the Mediterranean and European South. It is important to notice that none of the Countries of this area had yet created its National Qualifications Framework (NQF), something which remains a part of the European obligations of all Countries. This gave to our work more importance as it had impact in the local discussion on this subject.

A qualifications Framework is an abstract description of a profile which is presented through three types of descriptors: Knowledge, Skills and Competences. This intellectual outcome concerned the the three upper levels of the EQF that is to say  level 6,7 and 8 corresponding to the three cycles of the Bologna process, the Bachelor, the Master and the Doctorate. All these three types of descriptors were analyzed in detailed reference points presenting the main characteristics of the architects’s profile in terms of what he/she must know, must be prepared to do, and must be able to think.

This outcome gave content to the following parameters of architecture:

  1. Conceptualising, Designing, Materialising Architecture.
  2. Re-thinking, Considering and Interpreting the Human Aspect of Architecture.
  3. Experimenting, Innovating & Researching through Architecture.
  4. Theories, Histories & Cultures of Architecture.
  5. Technical, Environmental & Contextual Issues relating to Architecture.
  6. Communication, Collaboration & Interdisciplinarity in Architecture.
  7. Initiative & Enterprise through Architecture.